By the early 16th century, their number again increased by immigrants fleeing from Cossack uprisings in Poland and the Ukraine.
When the Romanian-born writer Marcus Ravage arrived in New York in 1900, he found the area thriving; restaurants had opened everywhere, he recalled in a memoir, and the first Romanian delicatessens were displaying "goose-" was the starting point for American pastrami.
Yet the theater is one of the few vestiges of what was once a large Jewish community in Romania, and one of the few professional Yiddish-language theaters left in Europe. Housed in the magnificently preserved Great Synagogue (1850) in the city's historically Jewish neighborhood, this museum traces the history of Romania's Jewish population. Ruined 40 years later by the Iron Guard, a nationalistic Fascist organization of the time, it was restored in 1951 with the support of Romania's Jewish community.
Bucharest is home to one of the oldest and most important Jewish communities in Romania. Around the beginning of the 17th century, during the Cossack uprising, the first Ashkenazi Jews came from Ukraine and Poland. The displays include a collection of books written, published, illustrated or translated by Romanian Jews; a small collection of paintings of and by Romanian Jews (many of the same artists' works hang in the National Museum of Art) and memorabilia from Jewish theaters, including the State Jewish Theater. Tache Ionescu 9 In a busy side street heading toward Piata Amzei from Magheru Bulevard stands the only other active synagogue in the city. Cluj has three Jewish cemeteries, located on Badescu, Turzii, and Somului strets. Tipografiei 25 Telephone: (264) 596.600 Only one of the two remaining synagogues is still in use in this little Moldovan town where Jews from Poland settled in the 17th century.
The community survived the Holocaust and most of the families moved to Israel. Intricate chandeliers adorn the lofty ceiling and a lavishly carved and brightly painted Aron ha Kodesh overhangs the sanctuary. Mihai Eminescu 403 Botosani's large Jewish Cemetery includes a newer section with tombstones dating from the 19th century and an original old section which has wonderfully carved tombstones. 1 Decembrie 54 Tel: (231) 514.659 For more information please visit: have lived in Brasov since 1807, when Rabbi Aaron Ben Jehuda was given permission to live in the city, a privilege until then granted only to Saxons.
Fewer than 300 Jews remain today in the city, served by a retirement home, a youth club and a kosher canteen. The largest is the Neolog Neolog Synagogue Address: Str. The Jewish Community of Brasov was officially founded 19 years later, followed by the first Jewish school in 1864 and the building of the Synagogue (address: Str. The Jewish population of Brasov expanded rapidly to 1,280 people in 1910 and 4,000 in 1940.